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12.15 托福考试回忆与分析

2018-12-16 16:32 小马过河 admin

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摘要:阅读 Passage 1 Parental care by Frogs 文章回忆: 文章主要讲了10%的青蛙有常见4种parental care的方式(其中最常见的是attend eggs), 以及这些如何能够帮助提高幼蛙的survivorship。有时也会使parents更容易被捕食者吃掉。 Passage 2 How the first people got to the interior of North America 文章回忆: 主要讲以前生活在Asia(现在是Alaska)的人怎么到达北美的,最开始认为是通

  阅读

  Passage 1 Parental care by Frogs

  文章回忆:

  文章主要讲了10%的青蛙有常见4种parental care的方式(其中最常见的是attend eggs), 以及这些如何能够帮助提高幼蛙的survivorship。有时也会使parents更容易被捕食者吃掉。

  Passage 2 How the first people got to the interior of North America

  文章回忆:

  主要讲以前生活在Asia(现在是Alaska)的人怎么到达北美的,最开始认为是通过Beringia。提出了3个理论,前两个是讲有2 great ice sheets, 一个是Cordilleran, 另一个是 Lauratide; 第三个理论是coastal routine。前2个都是会形成ice free corridor, 便于通行;但是地质证据显示那时的整体条件(冰川融化等)会难通过。最后一个理论比较靠谱。

  Passage 3 Accounting for the high density of planet Mercury

  文章回忆:

  文章关于水星的密度,给了一个剖面图。主要就是展示水星和其他类地行星的不同,它的core是非常大的,总量占到体积的60%,所以diameter也很大。而且它的mantle是static的,和地球等流动的mantle不一样。上面有不少iron和silicate的化合物,这些物质在特定条件下会聚合、反应成铁化合物,然后陷入到core当中。水星上也有微弱的磁场,以上种种,使得它的密度非常大。

  Passage 4 历史学

  文章回忆:

  洛杉矶的公路发展(car suburb area)

  Passage 5 艺术学

  文章回忆:

  Art and Culture of Pacific Northwest Communities

  Passage 6 历史学

  文章回忆:

  The Kingdom of Meroe

  词汇题

  potential = possible

  harsh = severe

  appreciably = significantly

  appealing = attractive

  rugged = rough

  apart from = besides

  sheltered = protected

  generation = production

  acceleration = speeding up

  predominantly =mostly

  particularly = especially

  听力

  Conversation 1 学生和教授

  内容回忆:

  学生咨询一个在日本的实习,因为这个内容对她找工作和职业发展有帮助。老师问了她的专业,建议她要去学sociology,因为可以研究人们从不同国家工作和学习的情况。同时告诉学生这个实习没有academic credit,所以她要上一个intensive course, 学生觉得内容有点多但也同意了。

  Conversation 2 学生和教授

  内容回忆:

  学生creative writing上节课没有来,老师已经分下去一个writing的任务,他和另外一个没来的学生一组。要写一个story of letters. 他以前读的Henry Adam的书,教授说这种形式不行。接着他说想写一个email为主体的故事,教授说他以前读过类似的,但是要特别注意不要写成只是词语的往复。教授举了一个 message on fridge 的例子,是一对母女用这样的方式交流,它有力地express 了自己的内容。

  Lecture 1 HP(一种恐龙的)

  内容回忆:

  老师介绍了一种和Tyrannosaurus同时期的恐龙(HP),和它们同期还有两种其他恐龙,暴龙以它们为食。但是HP长得很大行动慢,而且还没有保护自己的角或者刺。所以HP有两种方法survive,第一生长速度比暴龙快,所以它的体积更大,暴龙不敢攻击比自身大太多的恐龙;第二,繁殖maturity更早,所以它能更早繁殖,从而生存下来。而另外两种同期恐龙没有这样的adaptation。

  Lecture 2 London Merchant

  内容回忆:

  以前的tragedy都讲的是王公贵族,而他的小说第一个写了普通人的悲剧。在小说里他特别提到了hardworking这个品质,因为当时资产阶级开始产生,宣扬人们要努力工作。同时他的小说也抒发了真实emotion,特别是crying,甚至在舞台上表演crying,特别能够引起观众的共鸣。

  Lecture 3 Psychology

  内容回忆:

  科学家发现了object permanent,即就算没有看见物体也知道它的存在。科学家在小婴儿身上做了实验,发现把之前能看到的物体用毯子盖住然后拿走,婴儿会在没有物体的地方盯更久,这个“盯得更久”能够反映大脑的活动。同时它们做了helper-hinder的实验,圆形往坡上滚,方形帮助,三角形阻碍,婴儿盯着方形更久,说明他们能够分清good 和mean。之后又做了一个实验,用了helper-hinder的木偶,大多数得婴儿要抓住helper 的木偶,证实了前面的观点。婴儿对好坏有一个basic的认识。

  Lecture 4 Astronomy

  内容回忆:

  科学家一直找寻太空生物的证据,关键液态水的存在。发现有的星球都是rocky desert,所以太冷水都冻住;有的太热,水则蒸发。还有的星球因为重力不足,虽然温度够了有水但是不能留在表面。另外一种情况是自转速度太慢,导致一面长时间无日照而另一面长时间有日照,都不符合生物的迹象。后面又提到red dwarf star 和 Kepler XXX。

  Lecture 5 美国政府

  内容回忆:

  讨论美国政府管理体系 联邦政府和state政府同时管理 导致处理时间长等问题 还与其他拥有相似体系的国家做了对比

  Lecture 6 历史学

  内容回忆:

  中国古代的一个材料用作装饰的

  Lecture 7 艺术学

  内容回忆:

  中国和日本工艺的差距

  口语

  Task 1

  There are some school fund raising events as follow, which one would you like to attend?

  1. Training in sport teams2. Work behind a popular TV show3. Working for national government officePlease include details and examples in your response

  Task 2

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Being polite is more important than being truthfulExplain why.

  Task 3

  阅读

  标题: More orchestra concerts

  原因1:no enough seats and tickets

  原因2:musicians will have more opportunities to rehearse and expose themselves to audiences

  听力

  态度:disagree.

  原因1:rehearsals take time , especially for those complex materials, sometimes musicians have to practice solo besides the whole piece of work.

  原因2:the old concert hall is now reconstructing, so the concert is arranged at auditorium temporarily. After the reservation there will be enough space for a large number of audiences.

  Task 4

  阅读

  标题:Product placement

  定义:It is an advertising strategy that instead of doing ads directly, companies find a positive character in entertaining program like movies or TV shows to use their products and make it desirable.

  听力

  例子:A shoes company found a movie at planning stage which tells a story about the difficulties that a basketball team has been through to win a champion. And they invested this movie in exchange the star player would wear their sneakers with obvious brand name on it. The movie ended up popular later and they sold numerous sneakers.

  Task 5

  问题:The man has a problem that he has to attend a psychology conference in another city but it is too late to apply for school funding.

  解决方案1:attend the conference

  优点1:He could do the presentation there, talk to professors and get some useful tips for future job.

  缺点1:Even though he could stay at his friend’s house, the plane ticket is expensive enough.

  解决方案2:don’t attend

  优点2:He could do the presentation in video and save the expense to travel to Mexico

  缺点2:He couldn’t talk to professors.

  Task 6

  话题: How flightless birds could use their wings

  要点1:for swimming

  例子1: Penguins spend most of their time in water, and their wings evolve to be flat, thin and wide, which is much helpful for them to swim and forage for food.

  要点2:keep balance

  例子2:Flightless birds like ostriches would have to run fast when predators come after them. And they could spread out their wings to run steady, prevent falling down to be an easy meal for predators.

    写作

   综合写作

重复2012.02.25真题

  独立写作

  同不同意:In order to success in study or job,the ability to adjust or adapt to changing cond ition or circumstance is more important than having knowledge.

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