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2015年9月13日托福机经预测完整汇总(最新版)

2015-06-14 13:53 小马过河 lihongyan

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摘要:2015年9月13日托福机经预测完整汇总(最新版)!9月13日的托福考试马上就要到来,为适应大家在考前对托福机经的需要,小马官方特将研发出的最新的2015年9月13日托福机经预测完整汇总(最新版)内容发放给大家,同学们可做针对性练习。

  随着9月13日托福考试的临近,托福考前最好的冲刺复习资料就是托福机经,因此帮助大家能够一举拿下托福小马特推出了2015年9月13日托福机经预测完整汇总(最新版)内容,这样大家可以缩小范围复习节省复习时间,下面随小编一起来看看吧!

  以下是2015年9月13日托福机经预测完整汇总(最新版)具体内容速览:

  2015年9月13日托福机经阅读:

  PASSAGE 1

  Aviculturists, people who raise birds for commercial sale, have not yet learned how tosimulate the natural incubation of parrot eggs in the wild. They continue to look for betterways to increase egg production and to improve chick survival rates.

  When parrots incubate their eggs in the wild, the temperature and humidity of the nestare controlled naturally. Heat is transferred from the bird's skin to the top portion of theeggshell, leaving the sides and bottom of the egg at a cooler temperature. This temperaturegradient may be vital to successful hatching. Nest construction can contribute to this temperature gradient. Nests of loosely arranged sticks, rocks, or dirt are cooler in temperatureat the bottom where the egg contacts the nesting material. Such nests also act as humidityregulators by allowing rain to drain into the bottom sections of the nest so that the eggs arenot in direct contact with the water. As the water that collects in the bottom of the nest evaporates, the water vapor rises and is heated by the incubating bird, which adds significanthumidity to the incubation environment.

  In artificial incubation programs, aviculturists remove eggs from the nests of parrots andincubate them under laboratory conditions. Most commercial incubators heat the eggs fairlyevenly from top to bottom, thus ignoring the bird's method of natural incubation, and perhapsreducing the viability and survivability of the hatching chicks. When incubators are notused,aviculturists sometimes suspend wooden boxes outdoors to use as nests in which to place eggs. In areas where weather can become cold after eggs are laid, it is very important tomaintain a deep foundation of nesting material to act as insulator against the cold bottom ofthe box. If eggs rest against the wooden bottom in extremely cold weather conditions, theycan become chilled to a point where the embryo can no longer survive. Similarly, these boxesshould be protected from direct sunlight to avoid high temperatures that are also fatal to thegrowing embryo. Nesting material should be added in sufficient amounts to avoid both extreme temperature situations mentioned above and assure that the eggs have a soft, secureplace to rest.

  1. What is the main idea of the passage ?

  (A) Nesting material varies according to the parrots' environment.

  (B) Humidity is an important factor in incubating parrots' eggs.

  (C) Aviculturists have constructed the ideal nest box for parrots.

  2015年9月13日托福机经写作:

  综合写作

  Primary care doctors

  美国的初级医护人员

  阅读

  20,000 primary care doctors are in shortage in America, there are three reasons

  1, 上医学院学费贵,学生需要贷款,毕业之后 primary doctors 的工资低,不够还贷款

  2,P C doctors 压力大, 工作时间长,看的病人多,没人愿意干这个工作

  3,the opportunities to get trained are limited. 毕业后要培训三年才能上岗,但是

  residency position 不多,导致很多学生毕业后得不到培训,之后他们就延迟培训或者该行

托福保分

  听力

  这些问题都有解决方法

  1,学生入学时承诺毕业后在 primary care field 干,政府就会给他们提供帮助,比如帮助附贷款或者提供奖学金

  2,可以培训护士,让她们承担一部分医生的工作,比如开药方,这样医生压力就减少了

  3,美国颁布了一个法律,规定如果毕业生三年里都没有接受培训,政府就会把他们安排到其他医院,这些医院有 residency positions

  总体比较简单,阅读没有什么生词,听力听得也很清楚,主要是最后一个论点,由于读文章时只关注记题了,第三个论点细节没怎么看,导致听力第三个论点听得也不是很清楚,后来阅读又出来的时候,又细细的看了阅读,然后根据听力听到的内容自己组织了下语言。用了模板,280 个字左右。

  以上是小编对2015年9月13日托福机经预测完整汇总(最新版)的详细介绍,随着考试的临近同学们是不是复习压力更大呢,那么看到小马托福机经就可以缓解下考前复习的恐惧症,完整内容快去索取下载,相信会让大家托福成绩在考前有大的提升。



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