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2015年9月5日托福机经小范围押题(听说读写)

2015-07-03 16:10 小马过河 lihongyan

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摘要:2015年9月5日托福机经小范围押题(听说读写)!9月5日的托福考试马上到来,来看看小马老师又给出的大福利2015年9月5日托福机经小范围押题(听说读写)内容,本次预测内容命中率极高全是精华附带解析全程指导,同学们快来看看吧!

  对于即将到来的9月5日托福考试,时间愈近同学们复习压力也逐渐增大,为了不让大家在考前漫无目的的复习充分利用冲刺时间,小马老师特给出了2015年9月5日托福机经小范围押题(听说读写)助力大家最后的备考,同学们赶紧来做下针对性练习吧,顺便来也来检测下自己的复习成果吧!

  2015年9月5日托福机经小范围押题(听说读写)内容如下:

  托福阅读

  Ancient Rome and Greece

  There is a quality of cohesiveness about the Roman world that applied neither to Greece nor perhaps to any other civilization, ancient or modern. Like the stone of Roman wall, which were held together both by the regularity of the design and by that peculiarly powerful Roman cement, so the various parts of the Roman realm were bonded into a massive, monolithic entity by physical, organizational, and psychological controls. The physical bonds included the network of military garrisons, which were stationed in every province, and the network of stone-built roads that linked the provinces with Rome. The organizational bonds were based on the common principles of law and administration and on the universal army of officials who enforced common standards of conduct. The psychological controls were built on fear and punishment-on the absolute certainty that anyone or anything that threatened the authority of Rome would be utterly destroyed.

  The source of Roman obsession with unity and cohesion may well have lain in the pattern of Rome's early development. Whereas Greece had grown from scores of scattered cities, Rome grew from one single organism. While the Greek world had expanded along the Mediterranean seas lanes, the Roman world was assembled by territorial conquest. Of course, the contrast is not quite so stark: in Alexander the Great the Greeks had found the greatest territorial conqueror of all time; and the Romans, once they moved outside Italy, did not fail to learn the lessons of sea power. Yet the essential difference is undeniable. The key to the Greek world lay in its high-powered ships; the key to Roman power lay in its marching legions. The Greeks were wedded to the sea; the Romans, to the land. The Greek was a sailor at heart; the Roman, a landsman.

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  Certainly, in trying to explain the Roman phenomenon, one would have to place great emphasis on this almost instinct for the territorial imperative. Roman priorities lay in the organization, exploitation, and defense of their territory. In all probability it was the fertile plain of Latium, where the Latins who founded Rome originated, that created the habits and skills of landed settlement, landed property, landed economy, landed administration, and a land-based society. From this arose the Roman genius for military organization and orderly government. In turn, a deep attachment to the land, and to the stability which rural life engenders, fostered the Roman virtues: gravitas, a sense of responsibility, pietas, a sense of devotion to family and country, and iustitia, a sense of the natural order.

  Modern attitudes to Roman civilization range from the infinitely impressed to the thoroughly disgusted. As always, there are the power worshippers, especially among historians, who are predisposed to admire whatever is strong, who feel more attracted to the might of Rome than to the subtlety of Greece. At the same time, there is a solid body of opinion that dislikes Rome. For many, Rome is at best the imitator and the continuator of Greece on a larger scale. Greek civilization had quality; Rome, mere quantity. Greece was original; Rome, derivative. Greece had style; Rome had money. Greece was the inventor; Rome, the research and development division. Such indeed was the opinion of some of the more intellectual Romans. "Had the Greeks held novelty in such disdain as we," asked Horace in his epistle, "what work of ancient date would now exist?"

  Rome's debt to Greece was enormous. The Romans adopted Greek religion and moral philosophy. In literature, Greek writers were consciously used as models by their Latin successors. It was absolutely accepted that an educated Roman should be fluent in Greek. In speculative philosophy and the sciences, the Romans made virtually no advance on early achievements.

  Yet it would be wrong to suggest that Rome was somehow a junior partner in Greco-Roman civilization. The Roman genius was projected into new spheres-especially into those of law, military organization, administration, and engineering. Moreover, the tensions that arose within the Roman state produced literary and artistic sensibilities of the highest order. It was no accident that many leading Roman soldiers and statesmen were writers of high caliber.

  Paragraph 1: There is a quality of cohesiveness about the Roman world that applied neither to Greece nor perhaps to any other civilization, ancient or modern. Like the stone of Roman wall, which were held together both by the regularity of the design and by that peculiarly powerful Roman cement, so the various parts of the Roman realm were bonded into a massive, monolithic entity by physical, organizational, and psychological controls. The physical bonds included the network of military garrisons, which were stationed in every province, and the network of stone-built roads that linked the provinces with Rome. The organizational bonds were based on the common principles of law and administration and on the universal army of officials who enforced common standards of conduct. The psychological controls were built on fear and punishment-on the absolute certainty that anyone or anything that threatened the authority of Rome would be utterly destroyed.

  1. Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

  ○The regularity and power of stone walls inspired Romans attempting to unify the parts of their realm.

  ○Although the Romans used different types of designs when building their walls, they used regular controls to maintain their realm.

  ○Several types of control united the Roman realm, just as design and cement held Roman walls together.

  ○Romans built walls to unite the various parts of their realm into a single entity, which was controlled by powerful laws.

2015年9月5日托福机经小范围押题(听说读写)

  托福写作

  1、★★★★★

  IVR 说了三个好处:

  1人们愿意对机器倾诉,真人他们不好意思说自己观点,得到的观点更reliable2.cost few 但是获得跟多答案3.没有 voice problem

  教授驳斥如下:

  1.No evidence.谁都不傻,机器问问题,最后还不是人来分析问题的么。2.impolite not to finish the survey when facing the real people.但是 机器问问题,可以选择不回答。3.remove不了的,人们不在乎是男的问女的问,他们在乎是谁问的问题

  2、★★★★★

  阅读说 bee 在200 million years 前就存在了的观点受到质疑,理由:

  1没化石。

  2没花没食物。

  3化石结构可能不是bee 的。

  speaker 反驳

  1.没有化石是因为那时候没树,无法preserve 化石。

  2.bee 不是一定要feed on 花的,也可以是pine tree 什么的。

  3.通过化学物质可以断定化石那就是bee 的。

  以上是小编对2015年9月5日托福机经小范围押题(听说读写)的详细介绍,随着考试的到来通过最适合做小范围内容,这样也能充分利用时间不至于太紧张做不完,完整的资料内容快去向小马老师索取吧!



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