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新托福口语第3-4题分析和备考建议

2018-04-03 08:40 三立在线 admin

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摘要:新托福口语第3-4题分析和备考建议 Question 3 Dialogue-based R-L-S Integrated Task 这道题通常是关于university policies, rules or procedures; university plans; campus facilities or quality of life on campus的一些新的变

托福口语第3-4题分析和备考建议

  Question 3 Dialogue-based R-L-S Integrated Task
  这道题通常是关于university policies, rules or procedures; university plans; campus facilities or quality of life on campus的一些新的变化,对话中的一个人支持或者反对这个变化,并且给出理由,题目的要求就是复述其中一人的观点并且列举出这个人的理由(注意:不能说自己的观点!)。问题类似于“State his opinion and explain the reasons he gives for holding that opinion”。读40-45秒(75-100 words),听60-80秒,准备30秒,说60秒。
  1、对话题型重要原则:只听一个人!
  2、基本上对话结构是Q&A,总是针对A来设计题目。
  3、概括记录,以最佳复原效果为准。
  (1)可用符号甚至中文,但确保不会换用“关键词”。
  (2)省纸,正反四折,一张搞定。
  (3)关键句阅读时可预见,内容预先记下,态度非正即反,不要靠当时具体去听,只标+, -号。
  (4)Supporting points可标上数码,至少可以心理安慰。
  (5)细节列举可放过,特别不要在细节列举遇到生词时懊恼抓狂。
  其实这个题目比较好回答,基本上reading passage就可以判断出很多内容,如到底是notice,message, proposal,迅速找到关键词,内容究竟讲什么。听得时候重点听态度和支持或者反对的理由。
  听的过程中要注意标上序号。
  首先做出两个区域,MAN,WOMAN。
  然后再确定主要说话人后,迅速记下实词:名词和动词。个别情况下为形容词。
  最后利用另一个附和者进行附和的时间,稍微调整并补充笔记,使用模板。
Useful tips:
  ☛In the reading part, DO NOT waste your time on taking notes, it is unnecessary. Just figure out what the announcement is mainly talking about, you do not need to say anything about it after all.
  ☛When listening, just write down THREE major points--attitude, reason 1 & reason 2. You can use “+” and “-” to represent positive attitude and negative attitude.
  ☛Make sure that you get ALL the reasons that the man/woman gives.Any thing missed will lower your score.
  ☛DO NOT spend too much time explaining why the school has pull out the policy, simple words would be fine.
  ☛DO NOT spend too much time retelling the
  Your answer could go like this:
  “The school has implemented a new policy that ... due to ... . And the man/woman holds a positive/negative view towards the announcement.
  The first reason s/he gives is that ... . And the second one is based on the fact that ... .”
  From the reading material, we know that (the college) is going to ...
  Obviously, the man/woman in the conversation thinks that this is a great/bad idea, due to the following reasons..
  One reason is that……. Another is,…….
  (万一有时间)So that's all the reasons s/he has to form that opinion. (尽量记,听为主)
  In the readingmaterial,
  There is a/anannouncement/message/notice/proposal about ****(填入记下的关键词)
  The university/college is going to****(稍稍展开下)
  In the listeningmaterial,
  Two students discussabout the***(填入关键词)
  The man/woman is against/supporting the***
  He or she feels unhappy/less satisfied about***
   thinks the*** is unfair/inconvenient/unaffordable
  for the following reasons:
  First, he thinks/says****
  Also, he points out that****
  The man/woman’s opinion about STH is that…….
  ……………(选择方案型:听选择的原因。
  1.Firstly, the man/woman states that…….
  2.And then he/she states that…….)
  ……………(提出建议型:听建议的利弊。
  1.Firstly, the man/woman talks about the positive aspect of this issue. He/she states that…….
  2.On the other hand, the man/man also talks about the negative aspect of this question. He/she points out that…….
  Question 4 Lecture-based R-L-S Integrated Task
  读和听一段学术方面(life science, social science, physical science, and the humanities)的文章,the reading passage一般是概括和抽象的学术语言,the lecture给出具体的例子、反例或者应用。题目一般是要求“apply the more general information you have learned in the reading to the examples discussed in the lecture”。读40-45秒(75-100 words),听60-80秒,准备30秒,说60秒。
  1、Lecture题型其实只要求在阅读预见内容的前提下复述讲话框架。
  2、记录内容取舍很有弹性,下面两者取其一:
   (1)对数字敏感的记录数字及准确的相关含义,用以占据篇幅,避免连贯性动作描述。
   (2)记录连贯性动作描述,避免具体数字及准确的相关含义的表述。
  此题型细分为两种题型:
  1、二元正负类:阅读材料中的关键句之一有两个对称并列的概念性词语(切记:通常是动词!)
  (1)在阅读材料中找到两个关键词,听力材料必然围绕这两个关键词展开。
  (2)在听力中迅速判断两大关键词的正负性质。
  (3)根据两大关键词的正负性展开相关内容。
  2、描述举例类:阅读材料中的关键句之一对文章题目进行描述,如果不是定义句,此关键句经常在定义句附近。
  (1)阅读时记下描述性的关键句,如果临近定义句,同时记下定义句。
  (2)听到并记下举例内容,特别是与关键句匹配的信息。
  (3)根据具体例子反推验证关键句,如阅读时未确定,则在听力中迅速判断,从两句中选中一句。
  (4)整合阅读与听力笔记,套用句型,准备答题。
  reading passage: 主要记下抽象的词,和具体的定义;原理,和具体原理的内容等
  listening passage: 主要记所举的example, study, or reasearch,注意这些和抽象的定义和原理的挂钩。
  1.先听听力材料的前两句话,老师会给出所听内容的概括性介绍。再结合阅读给出的概念。
  2.再听举例说明。其方法通常是举出扩展事例,举反例或是短文中概念的实际应用。
  3.TIPS:
  A.带着一个“概念是什么,现象是什么”的问题用35秒看完短文,然后用10S的时间,用2句话总结出短文所介绍的概念或现象(尽量用短文中的词汇)
  B.听段子的时候,带着“老师用什么例子来进行说明”这个问题去听。要听结构(1+2),还要听例子中涉及到的3个基本要素(实验对象,实验过程,实验结果)。其中,实验过程要详细。
  C.多记实词(N+V)以及数字与时间。
  4.PATTERNS:
  a) TOPIC SENTENCE: The professor talks about the theory that…….
  b) SUPPORTING DETAILS: He/she gives one/two examples to illustrate/explain such a point.(接下来陈述实验对象,实验过程,实验结果)。
Useful tips:
  ☛Find the KEY words as soon as possible and then write them down.This is to make sure that you will know what the professor is gonna talk about.
  ☛Pay attention to the JARGONS in order to get familiar with the words that you don’t know before.
  ☛Do not panic if you don’t know anything about the subject, because your opinion is NOT included.
  下面只介绍题型二的模版:
  类型一:
  The reading passage: definition
  Listening passage: examples, study, research
  模版:
  The reading passagegives the definition of……(关键的抽象词)
  XXX is……(定义的内容)
  In the listening passage,the professor goes on to demonstrate it by introducing some researches/examples.
  This first is……(最后一句注意挂钩)
  The second is……(同样挂钩)
  类型二:
  The reading passage: the phenomenon / the problem/the process /somefunctions/some features
  Listening passage: research, analysis...
  模版:
  the reading passage describes the phenomenon / the problem/the process /somefunctions/some features(关键的抽象词)
  XXX is……(定义的内容)
  In the listening passage, the professor goes on to demonstrates it by introducing some researches /analyses
  This first is……(最后一句注意挂钩)
  The second is……(同样挂钩)
  类型三:
  The reading passage:a conception held by/the principle/ theapplication/the cause/the effect
  Listening passage: specific aspects
  模版:
  The reading passage introduces a conception held by/the principle/ theapplication/the cause/the effect
  In the listeningpassage
  argues/indicates several specific aspects of
  The first*** is
  The second *** is
  Your answer can go like this:
  “In the lecture, the professor mainly talked about the theory that ... . To
  reinforce the theory, the professor gave two reasons in his speech. The
  first one is that … . The other one is that … . And that’s the two reasons
  the speaker presented to explain his idea.(The conclusion is optional)”
  The reading passage: ***
  Listening passage: examples, study, research
  模版:
  The reading passage introduces the definition/ phenomenon/ problem/ process /some functions/some features/ principle/ application/ cause/ effect of……(关键的抽象词)
  XXX is……(定义的内容)
  In the listening passage, the professor continues to demonstrate it by providing some researches/examples.
  This first is……(最后一句注意挂钩)
  The second is……(同样挂钩)
  From the reading material, we know that…(关键术语,定义)
  To demonstrate it, the speaker provides two examples/reasons/researches. One example is that……Another example is that……..So the suggestion is that……
  (记关键术语,主要观点)
  第三、四题Self-Assessment Checklist:
  1. I noted the main points of the reading passage.
  2. I noted the main points of the listening passage.
  3. I read the question carefully.
  4. I used careful planning to outline my response.
  5. I began with an overall topic statement.
  6. I used strong supporting ideas.
  7. I used transitions to connect the supporting ideas.  


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