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新托福口语第一题详解

2018-04-03 08:41 三立在线 admin

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摘要:口语第一题详解 我对于新托福的第一题做了详细的讲解,每一题包括分析题目,TST表格,参考答案和词汇锦囊。对于这些题目,建议大家对于词汇锦囊要认真对待-------魔幻造句法Good

 

口语第一题详解
 
我对于新托福的第一题做了详细的讲解,每一题包括分析题目,TST表格,参考答案和词汇锦囊。对于这些题目,建议大家对于词汇锦囊要认真对待-------“魔幻造句法”Good Luck!
²   Describe a book that you think most useful and explain why . Include reasons and examples in your response.
1)        分析题目:在此题中,题目问道:“说出你认为对你最有用的一本书,并解释原因。”此题需要考生事先准备好一本自己比较钟情的书。此处笔者选择一个较难发挥的书籍---ETS的新托福官方指南。
2)    TST表格
T---Topic:     Official Guide
S---Supporting ideas      useful phrses about student life
n      Make yourself a schedule
n     Concentrate on
                      US campus life
n        Make-up test
n        Ask for an  extension
T----  Transition    first, Also, because
3)         参考答案
  I think the Official Guide for the TOEFL ibt is the most useful book. First , because  I can learn a lot of useful phrases from this book. For example, I know “make yourself a schedule” which means you try to make yourself a plan about how you manage your daily time And also  “concentrate on” which means you try to focus on something . Second, I get to know something about US campus life. Because TOEFL ibt is based on students’ lives in US campus, so you can know how they study , behave and think. I am sure this is helpful for me because I plan to go there and study. In a word, this is the most useful book in my opinion .
4)         词汇锦囊:
ü   Useful phrases 有用的词组
ü   Make a schedule 做计划
ü   Manage sth 管理…
ü   Concentrate on 集中精力于….
ü   Learn something about 学习关于…的东西或知识
ü   Plan to 计划做…
ü   In a word 总而言之
ü   In my opinion 在我看来
 
²   “Describe the most important invention during the past 100 years and explain why. Include details and examples in your response”
1)         分析题目:此题问道:“描述你认为的近100年来最重要的一项发明创造并解释为什么。在回答中须包含细节和例子”。可能考生在平常生活可能已经思考过此问题,此处笔者认为“互联网”是最伟大的一项发明。
2)         TST表格
T---Topic:     internet
S---Supporting ideas      change our lives
n     Online shopping b
n     Online chatting
                  Facilitate our work
n     Search for information
T----  Transition    first, Also, because
3)         参考答案
  I think the most important invention during the past 100 years is the internet. First , because it has greatly changed our lives. For example, with online shopping which is made possible by the internet, we don’t hanve to go out and shop for something and also with online chatting, we can chat with anyone anywhere in the world. Second , it has greatly facilitated our work.Because with the help of the internet, searching for the needy information is just a piece of cake. It will probably take about 2 seconds to get the information you need. I can’t imaginewhat life is going to be like  without the internet.
4)         词汇锦囊:
ü   Online shopping 在线购物
ü   Don’t have to do sth 不需要或不必做某事
ü   Shop for sth 购买…
ü   Online chatting 在线聊天
ü   Facilitate sth 使…变得便利
ü   a piece of cake 小菜一碟
²   Describe a person who is the most influential to you and explain why. Include details and examples in your response.
1)         分析题目: 此题要求考生描写一个对自己影响最大的人并用细节和例子来解释。 考生可以选择任何一个对自己有过影响的人,只是在阐述的过程中必须要辅以例子和具体信息。
2)         TST表格
T---Topic:   a teacher of English listening freshman
S---Supporting ideas      taught us how to improve English listening
n     VOA
n   Take notes
               Good at teaching
n     Pronunciation demonstration
n      Listening skills
T----  Transition    first, Also, because
3)    参考答案:
The most influential person to me is a teacher of English listening when I was a freshman. His name is John. First, because he is the first person who has taught us how to improve English listening. Like, John told me to buy a short-wave radio to listen to VOA on a regular basis. It turned out to be extremely helpful. In addition, he also taught us how to take notes while listing to some materials. Then, John is very good at teaching. For example , he managed to teach us English pronunciation through creative pronunciation demonstration.and of course, John also taught us tons of listening skills which have largely shaped my healthy listing habit.
4)         词汇锦囊:
ü   Freshman 大一新生
ü   Improve English listening 提高英语听力
ü   Short-wave radio 短波收音机
ü   On a regular basis 经常
ü   Take notes 做笔记
ü   Listening skills  听力技巧
ü   Shape sth 塑造….
²   Describe the characteristics of a good teacher and don’t forget to include some details and examples in your response.
1)         分析题目:该题要求考生描写一个好老师应该具备的特征,并用细节和例子来说明。考生可以选择自己熟悉的老师,可以先简单描述他或她的个人信息,如教授的课程,或你当他或她的学生时多大岁数。然后再说明原因时必须要包含细节。
2)         TST表格
T---Topic:   following characteristics
S---Supporting ideas     specialized knowledge
n English good pronunciation
                  patient
n   Answer students’ questions
Easy-going
T----  Transition    first, Also, because
3)         参考答案:
I think a good teacher should bear the following characteristics: First, this person has to have some specialized knowledge. Like , if this person is a teacher of English, sure he  or she has to have things like good pronunciation, sound grammar and so on. Second, this person should be patient especially when answering students’ questions or teaching some hard stuff to students . Because answering questions and teaching hard stuff will both take  time and energy. Finally, it will be better if this person is kind of easy-going, because this will make him or her not only a teacher to students but also friends to them.
4)         词汇锦囊:
ü   Specialized knowledge 专业知识
ü   Sound grammar 扎实的语法知识
ü   Hard stuff 较难(学习)的东西
ü   Take some 花时间
ü   Easy-going 随和
²   Describe the most important decision you made in your life and include details and examples in your response.
1)         分析题目:该题需要考试叙述自己在生活中曾作出的重要决定,并且要用细节和例子佐证。针对新托福的考生多数为大学中的学生,因此可以从学习生涯中的重大决定切入进行描述,如选择专业及学校,去国外某校做exchange student (交换学生)等。
2)         TST表格
T---Topic:  major change
S---Supporting ideas      two majors to choose, one in the end
n    English
n   International trade
                     A teacher of English
n     interested
n  Not interested in trade
T----  Transition    first, Also, because
3)         参考答案:
    Before I was about to go to college , I had two academic majors to choose. One was English and the other one was international trade. ThenI chose English as my major. I think that is the most important, and also right, decision I made in my life. First, because I am interested in English and it turnsout that I am also pretty good at learning English. And I don’t know how things are going to turn out if I choose international trade. Second, now I am a teacher of English and amazingly enough, I am interested in teaching English ,as well. You know, I have been studying English for, like, 10 years since I was an English major. So without  this ten years of hard working, I don’t think I can make it to become a teacher of English. So I really think it is most important decision to choose to study English instead of anything else.
4)         词汇锦囊:
ü   Be about to 即将做某事
ü   Be Interested in 对….感兴趣
ü   As well 也
 
 
²   Describe a park or public area you go to very often and explain why you like to go there. Include details and examples in your response.
1)         分析题目: 此题要求考生描写一个经常去的公共区域并用细节和例子解释你喜欢去那里的原因。公共区域有公园,广场,或是某个湖边等。理由无外乎自然环境,人文环境或自己在那里的时候内心的感受,如感受到宁静等。
2)         TST表格
T---Topic:  chaoyang park
S---Supporting ideas     near to my home
n    5 mins
   Stress-reducer
n  Fresh air , beautiful scenery
  Free
n    3 yuan  other parks
T----  Transition    first, Also, because
3)         参考答案:
I often go to Chaoyang Park. First, because it’s pretty near to my home. You probably won’t believe it, but it only takes me 5 minutes to go from my home to it. Second, staying there serves as a great stress reducer for me. No matter how stressed I am, I will feel much, much better if I stay in the park, breathing that fresh air and enjoying that beautiful scenery. Finally, it is free. Youknow, it is not so easy to find anything free. Just as the saying goes: “there is no such thing as free lunch”.But here I find something free. To be honest, there is another park just opposite to Chaoyang Park. but I need to pay 3 yuan if I go to this  park . So those are some of the reasons that I really prefer Chaoyang Park.
4)         词汇锦囊:
ü   You probably won’t believe me, but….你也许不相信我,可是….
ü   Serve as 起到…什么作用
ü   Stress reducer 减缓压力的事物
ü   Just as the saying goes 俗话说…
ü   There is no such thing as free lunch 天下没有免费的午餐
²   Describe a person you admire and expain why. Include details and examples in your response.
1)    分析题目:此题要求描写一个你敬佩的人并且用细节和例子来解释原因。此题与“想与那位名人会面一个小时”颇为相似,可借鉴那道题的相关观点。
2)    TST表格
TST 
T---Topic:            Bill Gates
S---Supporting ideas     billionaire
ü   money
ü   Michael Jackson, Paul Allen
Courageous person
ü   Drop out of school
T---transitions         First, because, Also, Finally     
3)         参考答案:
A person I admire is Bill Gates. First because he is one of the billionaires in the world. Since I regard fortune as equivalent to success, I really admire those who have a lot of money like Michael Jackson and Paul Allen. Second, I think he is really a person who just knows how to make his dream come true.. He was so interested in computer when he studied in Harvard University. And he managed  to push his interest to a great extent by setting  up his own business. Finally he dropped out of Harvard University. Not many people would do what he did because not many people would quit their Harvard dreams  He is really a person who dare do what others don’t .
4)         词汇锦囊:
ü   Make one’s dream come true 使梦想成真
ü   Manage to do sth 设法做某事
ü   Drop out of school 退学
2. 实战练习,下面提供了一些free-choice response的问题供各位读者练习,请严格遵循上述所讲方法和逻辑答题,并在提供的表格相应处用片段词将关键词记录下来。
外加20道练习题:
 

 

1.If you could change your major, what would you want it to be and why? Use reasons and examples in your explanation 
2.  Do you think that the size of a class has anything to do with the quality of education? Use reasons and examples in your explanation
3. Would you prefer to decorate your home with beautiful paintings or photographs of family members? Use reasons and examples in your explanation.
4 Do you think your country would still rely on books as their source of information in the future? Use reasons and examples in your explanation
6. What’s your opinion about using cell phones in public places. Use reasons and examples in your explanations.
7. The eating habits of today’s young generationms are not healthy .Should Schools take the responsibilities of teaching the generation good and healty food habits .What do you think and why?
8. .People like to communicate on telephone other by letters/emails .Compare the varius modes of communications.
9.    What famous person would you like to visit for one hour? Explain why you choose to meet this person and what you would talk about. Don’t forget to include details and examples in your explanation.
10.   Describe a place where you go for rest and relaxation. Explain why it is a good place for you to relax. Don’t forget to include details and examples in your explanation. 
11.   What big event in your life made you very happy? Explain what happened to you, and why you felt so happy. Don’t forget to include details and examples in your explanation.
 12.   Describe an object that is very special in your life. Explain why this object is important to you. Don’t forget to include details and examples in your explanation.
13.   What important lesson have you learned from a family member? Explain the significance of this lesson in your life. Don’t forget to include details and examples in your explanation.
14   Which place in your hometown would you like to take visitors to have a look? Include details and examples in your explanation.
15.   What do you dislike most about studying English? Include details and examples in your explanation. 
16.    What would you like to be professionally in ten years? Use details to support your response 
17.   What’s your favorite holiday? Use reasons and details to support your response. 
18.   If you suddenly got $10 million , what would you spend it on? Use details to support your response. 
19.    Why are preparing to take TOEFL test. Use reasons and examples to support your response. 
20.   What is the most interesting class you have ever taken? Explain the aspects of the class that made it interesting. Include details and examples in your explanation.


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