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2015年托福TPO听力文本翻译Lecture1

2015-11-09 17:05 三立在线 admin

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摘要:2015年托福TPO听力文本翻译Lecture1!在备考的时候,同学们最喜欢用的就是TPO,这对同学们的备考是有很大帮助的。接下来就为大家介绍2015年托福TPO听力文本翻译Lecture1,同学们一起来看看。

  2015年托福TPO听力文本翻译Lecture1。在备考的时候,同学们最喜欢用的就是TPO,这对同学们的备考是有很大帮助的。接下来就为大家介绍2015年托福TPO听力文本翻译Lecture1,同学们一起来看看。

  Geocentric&Heliocentric theory

  Narrator Listen to part of a lecture in a history of science class. Aristarchus-Heliocentric Theory Professor

  Ok, we have been talking about how throughout history, it was often difficult for people to give up ideas which have long been taken for granted as scientific truth, even if those ideas were false. In Astronomy, for example, the distinction between the solar system and the universe wasn’t clear until modern times. The ancient Greeks believed that what we called the solar system was in fact the entire universe, and that the universe was geocentric. Geocentric means Earth-centered, so the geocentric view holds that the Sun, the planets, and the stars, all revolve around the Earth, which is stationary. Of course, we now know that the planets, including Earth, revolve around the Sun, and that the solar system is only a tiny part of the universe.

  托福TPO听力文本翻译

  我们已经讨论过,纵观历史,当人们要放弃长久以来已经被理所当然地视为科学真理的观点,是如何的困难,即使这些观点是错的。例如,在天文学上,太阳系和宇宙的差别直到现代才分清楚。古希腊人认为我们现在所称的太阳系就是整个宇宙,而且整个宇宙是“地心”的。“地心”的意思就是以地球为中心,因此地心论认为太阳、行星和恒星都围绕静止的地球转动。我们现在当然知道,行星,包括地球,都围绕太阳转动,而太阳系也只是宇宙很小的一部分。

  So, why did the ancient Greeks believe that the Earth was the center of the universe? Well, it made sense to them. Observations of the sky make it appear as if the Sun, the moon, and the stars all revolve around the Earth everyday, while the Earth itself stayed in one place. And this view is also supported by their philosophical and religious beliefs about the origin and structure of the universe. It was presented in the works of well-known Greek philosophers as early as the fourth century B.C.E., and the geocentric theory continue to prevail in Western thought for almost 2,000 years, until the 17th century.

  托福TPO听力文本翻译

  因此,为何古希腊人认为地球是宇宙的中心?嗯,因为这对他们来说有道理。对天空的观察让太阳、月亮和星星看上去就像是每天都围绕地球转动,而地球自身位置不变。这一观点也得到了哲学和宗教上关于宇宙起源和结构观念的支持。该观点在公元前四世纪那些众所周知的哲学家的著作中均有阐述。地心说在西方流行了近2000年,直到17世纪。

  Now, what’s especially interesting is that when astronomical observations were made that seemed to be inconsistent with the geocentric view, the ancient Greeks did not really consider alternative theories. It was so intuitive, so sensible that the Earth was the center of the universe that astronomers found ways to explain those seemingly inconsistent phenomena within the geocentric view.

  托福TPO听力文本翻译

  相当有趣的是,当天文观测和地心论相左的时候,古希腊人并不会认真去考虑其它理论。“地球是宇宙的中心”这一观点是如此的符合直觉、如此的合情合理,以至于天文学家要想方设法去解释那些跟地心论看上去不一致的地方。

  上述就是小编为同学们介绍的2015年托福TPO听力文本翻译Lecture1。同学们可以先不看答案试着自己去翻译,然后再参考答案,找到自己的不足,认真纠正。 

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