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TOEFL阅读的经典句子(二)

2018-04-23 15:28 三立在线 admin

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摘要:TOEFL阅读的经典句子

 

以下句子是我从托福真题选取的,大部分来自托福新题的阅读和听力段子。这些句子含有地道的英语表达方式,而且大多是较长的复合句,现把它们摘抄出来,集中进行诵读,对增加语感应该有所裨益,同时对写作也应大有帮助。

Desert animals can drink prodigious volumes in a short time and camel have been kown to imbibe over 100 liters in a few minutes. A very dehydrated person, on the other hand, cannot drink enough water to hydrate at on session, because the human stomach is not sufficiently big and because a too rapid dilution of the body fluids causes death from water intoxication.

While still growing, crops belonged to the men who, in contrast to most other Native American groups, planted.

Barbed wire, first patented in the United States in 1867, played an important part in the development of American farming, as it enabled the setters to make effective fencing to enclose their land and keep cattle away from their crops.

The pressure exerted on the human body increases by 1 atmosphere for every 10 meters of depth in seawater, so that a 30 meters in seawater a diver is exposed to a pressure of about 4 atmospheres.

During ascent from a depth of 10 meters, the volume of air in the lungs will double because the air pressure at the surface is only half of what it was at 10 meters.

Beads were probably the first durable ornaments humans possessed and the intimate relationship they had with their owners is reflected in the fact that beads are among the most common items found in ancient archaeological side.

As a rule, large billed crossbills are better at seeming seeds from large cones while small billed crossbills are more deft at removing seeds from small, thin scaled cones. Moreover, the degree to which cones are naturally slightly open on tightly closed determine which bill design is the best.

By comparison with these familiar yardsticks, the distances to the galaxies are incomprehensibly large ,but they too are made more manageable by using a time calibration, in this case the distance that light travels in one year.

The argument that humans ,even in prehistoric times, had some number sense, at least to the extent of recognizing the concepts of more and less when some objects were added to or taken away from a small group. seems fair. for studies have shown that some animal possess such a sense.

On a global basis, nature’s output of these compounds dwarfs that resulting from human activities. However, human production usually occurs in a localized area, such as a city.

The actual concentration need not be large for a substance to be a pollutant in fact the numerical value tell us little until we know how much of an increase this presents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area. Sulfur dioxide, for example, has detectable health effects at 0.08 parts per millia (ppm),which is about 400 times its natural level .Carbon monoxide, however, has a natural level of 0.1 ppm and is not naturally a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm.

The acute, growing public awareness of the social changes that had been taking place for some time was tied to tremendous growth in popular journalism in the late nineteenth century, including growth in quantity and circulation of both magazines and newspapers. These developments, in addition to the continued growth of cities, were significant factors in the transformation of society from one characterized by relatively, isolated self-contained communities into an urban, industrial nation.

Another unusual feature of glass id the manner in which its viscosity changes as it turns from a cold substance into a hot, ductile liquid. Unlike metals that flow or “freeze” at specific temperatures, glass progressively softens as the temperature malleability until it flows like a thick syrup.

Footprints thus provide us not merely with rare impressions of the soft tissue of early hominids, but also with evidence of upright walking that in many ways is clearer that can be obtained from the analysis of bones.

The tight arrangement enabled the Mandans to protect themselves more easily from the attacks of others who might seek to obtain some of the food these highly capable farmers stored from one year to the next.

The elements other than hydrogen and helium exist in such small quantities that it is accurate to say that the universe is somewhat more than 25 percent helium by weight and somewhat less than 75 percent hydrogen.

Farm dwellers in their isolation not only found it harder to locate companions in play but also, thanks to the unending demands and pressures of their work, felt it necessary to combine fun with purpose.

When a neighbor needed help, families rallied form miles around to assist in building a house a barn, husking corn shearing, or chopping wood.

Certainly, these have been periods in Earth’s history when mass extinctions have occurred. The extinction of dinosaurs was caused by some physical event, either climatic or cosmic.

However, nothing has ever equaled the magnitude and speed with the human species is altering the physical and chemical world and demolishing the environment. In fact, there is wide agreement that it is the change humans are inflicting even more than the changes of themselves, that will lead to biological devastation.

There is little doubt that one reason why the number of amphibians is declining is that their habitats are being destroyed.

Other factors that could be contributing to the decline include acid rain and the spread of the pesticide residue.

Water can pass through the amphibian skins, allowing the toxins dissolved in the water to enter the amphibians body.

We, take for granted some of the other inventions that enable people to live and work in skyscrapers.

In some places of Texas, water levels have declined by more than 400 feet in twenty five years.

Freight trains have an accident rate that is only 1/2 that of the tracking industry.

Trains also come out a heat of the trucks on environmental grounds because they give off only 1/10 to 1/3 the pollution that is emitted by trucks.

With bicycle chains covered, cyclists would need to clean and oil their trains once every month instead of once a week.

Despite his invention, however, she still advises cyclists to take a taxi or bus when it is snowing heavily. Not because the condition are too arduous for bicycles, but because believes bikers can not have confidence in the people who drive cars on days of reduced visibility.

In preparing to climb, you learn patience mental discipline and you gain fantastic physical strength especially in your hands.

But ligin is acidic and its presence in paper has shorten the life expectancy of paper from several centuries for rag paper to less than a century for paper made from wood pulp.

But while wood pulp solved the problem of quantity, it created a problem of quality.

In warm-blooded animals birds and mammals for example, the body temperature normally stays within a narrow range no matter what the outside temperature is.

This new pose stressed the relationship between dinosaurs and modern birds and supports the theory that dinosaurs actually more closely related to birds than to any other exsting creature.

They lived in what is now Arizona from 300 B.C to AD 1500.

Which view is correct? Well, historians who wrote during the calm and prosperous 1950s found reasons to the idealist view. Those who wrote during the trouble of 1960s found supports for economic view point. I would say that neither view is complete, both the idealist and the economic perspective contribute a part to the whole picture.

 



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