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新托福:哈佛8年首失全球最好大学宝座

2018-04-20 11:12 三立在线 admin

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摘要:新托福:哈佛8年首失全球最好大学宝座

 Harvard University lost its top spot for the first time in eight years in a global ranking of higher education institutions, being overtaken by the California Institute of Technology.

 
在一项今年公布的高等教育机构排名榜单中,哈佛大学丢掉了自己已经蝉联了8年的全球最佳大学宝座,取代哈佛的是加州理工学院。
 
Another California institution, Stanford University, tied with Harvard for second spot in the annual table compiled by the London-based Times Higher Education, with data supplied by Thomson Reuters Corp. The University of Oxford climbed to fourth from sixth last year, beating the University of Cambridge at sixth. Princeton University came fifth.
 
根据路透社所提供的数据,泰晤士报的高等教育报榜单公布了今年的排名,另外一所来自于加利福尼亚的斯坦福大学和哈佛大学一起获得了第二名。牛津大学从去年的第六位上升到了今年的第四位,打败了现在位于第六位的剑桥大学。普林斯顿大学位于第五。
 
Harvard, the world’s richest university, has topped the rankings since they were started in 2004.  A 16 percent increase in research funding for Caltech helped it leapfrog Harvard in the Times Higher table, said Phil Baty, editor of the rankings.
 
从2004年开始,哈佛,这个全球最富裕的大学就一直是全球最好的大学。榜单的编辑Phil Baty表示:加州理工今年的研究经费上涨了16%是促使加州理工完成这次跳跃的重要原因。
 
“The difference between Harvard and Caltech last year was minuscule,” Baty said in a telephone interview. “What’s happened this year is Caltech has seen a significant increase in its research income. A 16 percent increase, it’s quite significant in tipping the balance over in its favor. Harvard had an increase as well, but it was more in line with sector averages.”
 
在电话采访中Baty表示“在去年的时候哈佛和加州理工的差距已经是非常小了,而今年最大的变化是加州理工获得了很大的研究收入的增长。百分之十六的上升,这个变化是让天平倒向加州理工的一个重要依据。哈佛大学的研究收入今年也有上升,但是这个上升更为贴合产业的平均水平。”
 
The rankings are based on a survey that gauges universities across five areas, including industry income, teaching, citations, research and international outlook. More than 17,500 academics were surveyed and 50 million citations analyzed and compared with the world average for this year’s rankings.
 
这个排名主要是根据大学的5个方面的调查和研究来确定,其中包括产业收入,教育水平,论文引用量,研究能力和国际展望。全球内,总共有超过17500所高校被榜单调查和研究,超过5000万份论文引用用以分析和比较。
 



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