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“高能段落 都是干货”(第一弹)

2016-12-06 17:47 小马过河 admin

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摘要:本文由小马过河的徐硕烁老师原创。文字较长,耐心不好的同学可以直接跳到段落套用环节,即本文最重要的内容。耐心不错的同学可以全部看完,毕竟其他部分也是干货。

  本文由小马过河的徐硕烁老师原创。文字较长,耐心不好的同学可以直接跳到段落套用环节,即本文最重要的内容。耐心不错的同学可以全部看完,毕竟其他部分也是干货。文末可以扫码进群领取更多资料哈!

  背送范文或者范文中的优秀段落是快速提高托福写作的一个绝佳方法,但是很少有同学在自学的时候可以真正坚持下来。原因主要有两点:第一是懒。第二是觉得不值。

  我懒得说懒,道理你都懂,说了也白说。而且本文较长,懒人估计都读不完。认真读完的同学,肯定有收获啦,大量干货!我主要说说第二个问题,觉得不值的问题。其实觉得值了,说不定就不懒了。

  之所以会觉得不值无非是因为感觉:花费了大量精力之后却发现记不住、用不到。

  人的记忆力确实有区别,有人记得快,有人记得慢。但是任何人只要经过一定的重复,总会记得住。比如背下来之后,一个星期之内每天晚上睡前都读几遍,之后每个星期再看一看,默写一下。功夫下到了,总会记住的。

  但是,用不到就更让人心碎了。MLGB的,老子辛辛苦苦背了一个段落,一点卵用都没有,着实让人寒心。 今天的重点,就是通过一个段落的讲解和分析,来做个示范,告诉大家如何可以从一个段落中学到更多东西,以及如何提高所记忆内容在考试的时候的利用率。具体而言,一个段落如果真想吃透,要从三个层面进行总结:逻辑、表达、套用

  本文将从这三方面对一个高能段落(高能段落:指的是可以作为较为通用的素材使用在多篇相同或不同话题作文中的段落。定义者:徐硕烁 [傲娇脸])进行讲解。段落来自www.xiaomatuofu.com记忆复写模块第一篇文章的第三段。

  文章题目是:Do you agree or disagree: students who keep their rooms neat and organized will be more likely to succeed than students who do not.

  段落具体内容如下:

  Second, a student who often cleans up his room is usually more self-disciplined and self-discipline is an important character shared by almost all successful people. So tiring and boring is the process of tidying the room regularly that it becomes a real challenge for many people. As a consequence, very few people can actually keep at it. But as long as one holds on to this habit day after day, he must have strong execution as well as persistence and diligence, which are all required qualities of a successful person. Steve Jobs, a man of great success, is highly self-disciplined. His idea of “simplicity” is reflected not only in his products but also in his own room.

  逻辑梳理:

  这个段落的逻辑其实并不复杂,大致分为三部分。

  主题句:打扫房间的孩子一般比较自律,而自律这种品质很重要

  说理展开:通过说明坚持打扫房间很难,来解释为什么坚持打扫房间的人自律,并说明自律以及其他相关品质的重要性。

  举例强化论证:说理之后再通过一个例子来进一步证明自己的分论点。

  这是一种非常常用的论证方式,而且很容易上手。

  语言表达:

  语言表达是咱们在学习段落的时候着重注意的一点。虽然有的段落语言并不华丽,但是依然可以给我们提供实用的句型、短语和搭配。千万不要觉得自己都看得懂,就以为自己能写出来了。托福的阅读理解很多同学也看的懂,也没见谁去ETS出题了。

  该段落值得积累的语言表达主要有:

  1. self-discipline is an important character shared by almost all successful people

  这句话其实再说一个品质好的时候都可以用到,只要把self-discipline换成别的词就可以了,比如honesty/persistence/optimism is an important character shared by almost all successful people. 这种写法比XXX is very important 这种表达好多了吧。

  2. So tiring and boring is the process of tidying the room regularly that it becomes a real challenge for many people.

  这是一个so …that… 倒装句,简单易学,是提升独立写作语言多样性的实用句型之一。在so…that…结构中,若将so+adj. / adv. 置于句首,则其后的主句要用部分倒装。如:

  So cold was the weather that we had to stay at home.

  So much did they eat that they could not move for the next hour.

  3. very few people can actually keep at it

  keep at sth

  to continue working at sth 继续做某事(或坚持干):

  Come on, keep at it, you’ve nearly finished!

  4. highly self-disciplined

  搭配self-disciplined可以用highly。其实highly是个很好用的副词,有很多搭配。很多情况可以替换very。比如:highly successful / skilled / intelligent /competitive / critical / sensitive

  think/speak highly of sb 还有对某人评价很高的意思

  He’s very highly thought of within the company.

  His teachers think very highly of him.

  段落套用:

  一个段子如果只能用在一个题目里,未免可惜,除否考到原题,否则岂不是只能用用刚才的表达了?虽然不至于一无所获,但总归没有最大化利用段落的价值。下面咱们就讲一些相关话题甚至看上去没什么关系的话题,看看如何使用这个高能段落。

  Agree or disagree, physical exercise is more important to older people than younger people.

  锻炼身体这是对老年人比年轻人个重要么?才不是呢。

  第一个理由可以写年轻人其实也不太健康对吧,天天加班,没时间运动,甚至为了工作应酬抽烟喝酒,不锻炼岂不是要英年早逝了。

  第二个理由当然可以写体育锻炼时可以遇到很多好朋友了。

  那么其实还有一个理由,就是坚持锻炼可以让人自律啊。可能很多人都有坚持跑步来减肥的想法,为啥没多少人坚持下来呢?不自律啊!如果坚持下来不就自律了吗。这不和打扫房间是一个思路么。本质都是有一个事,不是那么容易坚持的。所以坚持下去的人会变的更加自律,而自律可是成功人共有的品质。年轻人不想成功吗?

  下面来一个套用的示范哈:

  A young man who often does physical exercise is usually more self-disciplined and self-discipline is an important character shared by almost all successful people. So tiring and boring is the process of doing exerciseregularly that it becomes a real challenge for many people. As a consequence, very few young people can actually keep at it. But as long as one holds on to this habit day after day, he must have strong execution as well as persistence and diligence, which are all required qualities of a successful person. Hence, in order to become highly self-disciplined employees and to achieve success in the future, young people should set great store by physical exercise.

  黑色部分是修改过的内容,是为了让段子更佳切题,尤其是最后一句,也突出一下对于年轻人的重要性。大家在套用段子的时候也要适当修改,避免跑题哈。

  Do you think parents should play a role in shaping children’s future?

  这个题目看起来和打扫房间没有直接关系了吧?但是其实也可以套用呀。父母当然应该去影响孩子的未来,比如父母要去给孩子寻找好的学校,好的老师;父母要去给孩子推荐好的书籍,好的朋友;当然,父母还应该让孩子从小就自己打扫房间,来培养自律啊。来个套用示范哈:

  Parents are supposed to help their children establish good habits. For example they should require their children to clean their own rooms at an early age. A child who often cleans up his room is usually more self-disciplined and self-discipline is an important character shared by almost all successful people. So tiring and boring is the process of tidying the room regularly that it becomes a real challenge for many people. As a consequence, very few people can actually keep at it. But as long as one holds on to this habit day after day, he must have strong execution as well as persistence and diligence, which are all required qualities of a successful person. Therefore, it is advisable for parents to shape their children’s future by requiring them tidying their own rooms.

  思考题:

  根据刚才的方法,大家可以看一下下面的题目,想一下可以如何套用这个段落。如果想不出来或者想参考一下我的思路,可以进群索取哈!索取的讲解资料1200+字,都是干货,并包括通用思路讲解!进群免费,两块钱都不收,买不了吃亏,买不了上当啊!

  Do you think children should learn art and music?

  Agree or disagree, children should spend most of their time on study and play, and they don’ t need to do housework.

  Agree or disagree, talented people’s leadership is born by natural and can’t be learned by people, agree or disagree.

  Which of the following do you agree with? Parents should help children to do their work or they should encourage children to do their work independently.

  The advice from grandparents has no use their grandchildren because the world has changed a lot during the past 50 years.

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Children can benefit in important ways from taking care of animal pets.

  Agree or disagree, in order to succeed, you should be more like others than be different from everyone else.



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