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2018托福考试年度分析报告

2019-01-02 14:18 三立在线 admin

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摘要:2018年的托福考试即将落下帷幕,了解过去一年的考试趋势,有助于大家更加有针对性的准备考试,起到事半功倍的作用。 阅读部分 一 、文章情况 今年全年,托福阅读考试共考查了224篇文章(根据网络回忆,含加试,含重复) 1. 新旧题情况 今年考试的新题数为28,旧题数为169。可以看到,阅读新题的占比只有约十分之一,也就是说约百分之

  2018年的托福考试即将落下帷幕,了解过去一年的考试趋势,有助于大家更加有针对性的准备考试,起到事半功倍的作用。
  阅读部分
  一、文章情况
  今年全年,托福阅读考试共考查了224篇文章(根据网络回忆,含加试,含重复)

  1.新旧题情况



  今年考试的新题数为28,旧题数为169。可以看到,阅读新题的占比只有约十分之一,也就是说约百分之九十的文章和题目为旧题重复。并且,年内重复的情况也很频繁,上半年的文章,下半年会重。其中,共有24篇文章在今年一年之内就重复考察,有的文章甚至一周内就再次出现。
  因此在备考方面,考生应该花时间复习旧题,把考过的题目学好了学透了,这样既能有效地提升语言硬实力,也非常有可能在考试中遇到相似甚至雷同的文章和题目。这样备考才会对任何情况都做到从容不迫。

  2.学科和话题








  从统计数据来看,以往比重最大的生物类在今年的考察比重有所下降,共考察了82次,占比36%;而人文历史类文章的考察赶超了生物类,考察了103次,占比46%。从整体话题的分布情况来看,历史话题的文章最多,共考察了83次,第二位的是动物行为话题的文章,考察次数位34。可以看出,今年考试整体上偏重历史性文章,因此同学们对这类文章的备考力度也应该加强。
  有很多同学对人文历史类文章不太感冒,觉着自己相关历史背景知识比较匮乏,读不懂文章到底什么意思。一般来讲,同学们不要对这个问题太过于担心,因为托福考试真的对背景知识不做任何要求,你只要好好读文章就可以了,文章会告诉你你做题需要的一切信息。当然,如果你真的有一些相关历史背景知识,一定也会对你理解文章有积极作用。所以,还是建议同学们在平时练习的时候要多注意人文历史类文章的背景知识的积累。
  二、词汇题情况

  今年词汇题考查单词及表达共计455个,其中年内重复考查的有121个,占比约27%,不到三分之一。这说明同一年内的词汇题重复的可能性不是很大。但是还是有一些重复次数超过两次的高频词(见下表),需要大家务必掌握。


  听力部分
  纵观2018年的考试,大部分学生出考场的第一反应就是“难”,且这个“难”不仅限于听力单科部分,个别场次甚至出现了学生大呼“口语部分的听力听不懂”。可见ETS的确是非常希望综合考察学生的听力能力。
  过去一年的听力考场情况究竟如何,我们又该如何应对?我们从以下这几个方面来分析。
  一、话题考察部分
  对话部分

  基本延续office hour 和 service hour 的经典组合,但在部分场次也出现了2篇同为office hour 或者 service hour 的现象。且在目前统计的场次中,学术相关的话题占比相对而言较高。(注:话题统计出自学生回忆和网络,存在偏差)


  Service hour涉及考生们所熟悉的宿舍问题、图书馆、社团活动、申请工作等经典场景,话题理解难度不大,其中申请工作实习等话题出现频次有所增加。
  Office hour涉及选课、解答知识点、论文开题和修改、请教作业、讨论某课题的研究项目等。专业性对话讨论的内容基本上和讲座所涉及的话题基本一致,甚至多次出现较难的天文,以及细节考察较多的文学,艺术类。
  综合所考的话题,以及大部分学生的考后反应:对话虽然时长较短,但一般语速较快,且专业性的话题出现越来越多,给考生记忆力和信息理解速度和准确度上带来较大的挑战。
  讲座部分

  话题分类上来看:依然是自然科学、文学艺术、社会科学、生命科学四大经典分类;文学艺术,社会科学等话题的频率略高。


  此外,今年的讲座中出现了不少美国政府,历史相关的话题。
  下面我们详细来看看各类别考察的要点:
  生命科学: 生物题材依然是热点:包括动物(特别是动物习性,特征)、植物、微生物:像鸟类,生物进化与迁徙。海洋生物,沼泽生物一向是ETS最喜欢考察的类别; 环境科学主要倾向于生态环境与动植物的结合考察。
  社会科学: 社会科学类主要考察了人类学、心理学、商业类话题。此外还会涉及到儿童教育话题。
  自然科学: 天文学依然是考察重点,对于太阳系的讨论十分频繁,各类dwarf star 的题材层出不穷。天文学与物理学的结合知识也是考察的重点,比如:卫星磁场和solar wind等知识的结合。这类讲座一般牵扯到物理的电磁波,光学知识等,对于大部分同学来说理解难度较大。但我们知道托福考试并不考察学生的背景知识储备,所考察的内容也不会那么“专”,所以大家一是不必要有特别的畏惧心理,二是如果实在不擅长此类话题,可以根据我们上面所提到的类别进行简单的知识积累。地质类话题中:地热,地貌特征等是热点考察话题。此类别词汇较难,涉及概念较抽象。
  文学艺术: 艺术中艺术史的考察占多数。其中艺术品的鉴赏和保存往往与当代科技相结合。
  各类名家如莎士比亚,达芬奇;名著名作的考察较多;经济学话题也涉及到像著名的经济危机,“郁金香跑泡沫”等。所以考生平时可以有意识的积累相关学科的相应知识。
  交叉学科(即一个讲座涉及多个学科内容)考察情况越来越多。这将对学生的词汇辨音,记忆反应速度有较大要求。
  总的来说:听力部分题材总体变化不大。但是从涉及到分话题来看,对学生词汇听辨,单句听力能力有较大要求。
  二、ABCD卷以及原题重现
  从2017开始,托福考试基本实行每场考试4套卷,2018年也不例外。众所周知之,ETS出一套题的成本并不小,考题的消耗速度加快,原题重现的几率也会更高。(如 2018年1月6日 发展心理学 内容 重复2017年4月23日。)
  另外值得注意的现象是,很多在TPO阅读中出现的相关话题和听力中的考题经常会出现转化考察。如阅读中出现多次的沼泽地的植物,在真考中也有出现行文结构比较相似的篇章,而听力中经典的“faint young sun” 也曾被改编成阅读篇章在真考中考察。
  三、加试部分
  2017年阅读加试和听力加试平分秋色,且基本不出现经典加试;2018年经典加试基本已经绝迹。且双加试的情况不在少数,甚至有考生遇到听力加试2个section的情况。这里也提醒考生注意:加试不一定出现在最后一个section(考试时每个section都需要认真答题)。这对考生的体力,注意力等也提出了较高的挑战。
  四、口音多变
  2018的考试中,的确出现了类似印度口音, 英音,澳音等大家不熟悉的口语。但是基于EST设计考试的初衷:考察学生的英语语言能力,这些口音应该来说都会在能接受的范围——即不会特别影响大家对于文章的理解。
  五、听力内容不难,但选项很不好选?
  不少考生出考场之后,纷纷表示听力的内容能听懂,但是看到选项就觉得自己听得是篇假听力… 或者永远纠结在两个选项之间。
  从目前搜集到的考题和学生老师参加考试的经验来看,托福听力考试的选项设置的确有变化, 具体来说就是:
  第一:选项问题顺序与原文顺序并不一定对应(之前也有不对应的情况,但是大多数出现在多选表格题等);
  第二,会更加考察学生是否有精准理解理解选项,选项中的语句很多不是原文中提及到的词,更多是原文的同意替换。
  所以,大部分考试所感受到的选项变难,其实是对学生对原文听力“理解”, 以及选项语句的理解精准度上提出了更高的要求。
  六、建议
  看完2018 年托福听力的考情总结, 能给我们2019的考生带来哪些启示呢?
  纵观以上几点我们可以看到,托福考试是在“稳中求变”,从各个方面考察考生的听力“理解”能力。所以我们同学在备考中要注意:
  1.夯实词汇基础,踏实做精听,以不变应万变。但是无论以何种方式做精听,一定要注意“理解”,精听不是听出单词就行了,更重要的是对原文的理解
  2. 鉴于经常出现考题重复和考试话题的更新,掌握最新考情回顾也是必要的:可以根据考情回顾做背景拓展,对于前文所提及到的热点话题重点了解。
  口语部分
  今年一共有47场托福考试,其中1月6日分成上下午考场。截止发表文章为止,已进行了45场(至12月8日最后一场)托福口语考试。以下数据均统计于这45场考试之中。
  TASK 1
  独立题Task 1中,我们可以看见ETS已经抛弃过去常见的纯描述类的话题,而偏重于抽象事物以及事件类题型。题型分布基本和去年持平,但是“建议类”的话题数量大幅增加。
  在今年这45场口语考试之中,“三选一”一共出现了14次,“建议类”出现了14次,“优缺点”出现了11次,“描述类”仅仅出现了6次。

  具体数据可以参考下图:


  话题分布主要分为“课后活动”(16次),“教育”(12次),“社会事件”(11次), “个人成长”(6次)等话题。

  具体数据如下:


  下面,我们来看一些2018年真题的例子。
  首先,和去年一样占比比较重的“三选一”题型,一共出现14次
  20180106下午场 公司话题
  Which of the following methods do you think is the best to motivate the employees?
  A. Extra money as a reward
  B. Organize a kind of contest to select who is the best one.
  C. To praise staff on the website
  20180204 个人成长话题
  Which one of the following group has the most influence on your opinion?
  A. Teachers
  B. Friends
  C. Family members
  20180303 课后活动话题
  Your university is going to add a new section in the campus newspaper. Which of the following three do you think is the best choice?
  A. Film recommendation
  B. Tips about travelling for students
  C. Local restaurants review
  20180311 课后活动话题
  Which function of the cellphones do you think is the most useful to students?
  A. Taking photos
  B. Listening to music
  C. Recording videos
  20180506 课后活动话题
  Which of the following three after-school activities you are most interested in?
  A. Planting flowers
  B. Picking garbage and plastic in the campus
  C. Painting
  20181104 课后活动话题
  Your university receives an amount of funds from the graduates. Which of the following infrastructure should the university put money on?
  A. Stadium
  B. Theater
  C. Game center
  20181125 租房类话题
  Which of the following factors do you think is the most important when you rent an apartment?
  A. Friendly roommates
  B. Close to the stores and restaurants
  C. Close to the public transportation
  第二比重是建议类题型(Suggestion),一共出现14次
  20180310 旅游类话题
  One of your friends is going to visit your country. What kind of transportation do you recommend him or her to use? Explain with details and examples.
  20180610 课后活动类(宠物)话题
  One of your friends is going to have a pet. What suggestions would you like to give him or her? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180908 课后活动类话题
  One of your friends plans to learn cooking. What suggestion would you give to your friend?
  20181020同20181028S1 课后活动类话题
  What would you do to celebrate your friend’s achievement? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20181117 生活类话题
  One of your friends used to ride bicycles to school, but now he wants to earn money from part-time job and buy a new car. What would you suggest your friend to do?
  20181201 公司类话题
  What would you do to run a small business company with your friends?
  占比第三的是优缺点类题型(Advantages and Disadvantages),一共出现10次
  20180113 教育类话题
  Teachers prefer to give students group assignments instead of individual assignments. Give at least one advantage and one disadvantage about the statement.
  20180331 教育类话题
  Talk about the advantage and disadvantage of universities located in small town or rural areas? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180415 教育类话题
  Many professors ask their students to take exams during the classes, but some professors allow students to take exam papers home and hand in the next day. What are the advantages or disadvantages of asking students to do a home-take exam? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180602 教育类话题
  Instead of printing books in paper version the university decides to release only online version of textbooks. Talk about at least one advantage and one disadvantage of this change.
  20180714 个人成长类话题
  Talk about the advantage and disadvantage of giving children financial reward when they do well in school.
  20181111 租房类话题
  Talk about the disadvantages of moving to a new place to live.
  最后一类,就是占比最小的描述类话题(Description),一共出现了6次
  20180128 个人成长类话题
  Describe something that you thought was negative the first time you went to school, but turned out to be positive. Please use details and examples in your response.
  20180324 个人成长类话题
  Things always change in an unexpected way. Please describe a thing you have recently done but ten years ago, you never imagined you would do.
  20180708 教育类话题
  Describe the most common mistakes that parents make in the process of raising their kids.
  20180825 个人成长类话题
  Describe something that once you are scared of but you overcame it in the end, and explain how you overcome it.
  总结:
  由此可见,2018年托福口语独立题Task1中,“三选一”的题型会持续升温。
  此类题型需要考生在回答中迅速锁定一个目标进行答题。给出三个备选方案中一般会出现一个比较容易又保险的选项,比如涉及到环境保护,校园生活,城市规划,课后活动等话题。答题时候,可以先选择一个说其优点,再攻击另外两个选项的缺点,但是比例一定要掌握好。
  在考场上要在短时间内想出合适的答案并不是很轻松,所以同学们不仅要在课上掌握老师讲解的三选一答题方法,也要在平时生活中多积累独立题部分的素材和经验。
  除此之外,还需要特别注意“建议类”和“优缺点”的积累和练习。最近这两类话题经常围绕着“租房”和“开公司”这两个以前不怎么考的话题展开。可以多准备相关素材。
  TASK 2
  TASK 2题型问法还是最经典的
  “Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?”以及
  “Some people prefer A…Others prefer B…Which do you prefer?”这两种。

  具体数据可参考下图:


  而话题分类我们可以看见教育,个人成长,科技,社会事件这几大类占比比较大。

  具体数据如下图:


  下面来看一些2018年真题例子
教育类话题
  20180128
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is okay for professors to forbid students to record lectures.
  20180303
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The university should educate students about moral values such as honesty.
  20180602
  Some professors prefer to answer students' questions at the end of the class, while others stop at different points to answer students’ questions. Which why do you think is better and why.
  20180707
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should discourage their kids to choose the majors that might be very competitive to find jobs in the future, like artists and singers.
  20180916
  Which one do you prefer, homeschooling or sending kids to the public school? Use specific details and examples to support your opinion.
个人成长类话题
  20180113
  When you have confronts with your family or your friends, do you wish to convince them or hold different opinions?
  20180311
  Some people prevent their kids from making mistakes, while others allow them to do so. Which type of parents do you think is better?
  20180512
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parent should help kids to prevent from difficulties in their life so kids will not experience difficulties in their early ages.
  20180707
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? We should be completely honest and open to friends. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
科技类话题
  20180331
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should have access to computer and other electronic devices as early as possible.
  20180506
  Some people believe that business meetings should be only conducted face-to-face in person, while others think it’s okay to have business meetings online with the help of technology?
  20180623
  Some people think, with the development of technology and Internet, libraries will disappear, while others think libraries are always necessary. Which opinion do you support?
  20181020
  Your university is going to shut down the computer room since many students have laptops. What do you think of this idea?
  20181125
  Which way do you think is more effective to teach the senior citizen from the community to use the computers? One-to-one class at each person’s home or teach them all together in an instruction center?
社会事件话题
  20180310
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s reasonable to build a factory that provides many job opportunities but pollutes the environment.
  20181208
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People shouldn’t be allowed to take photos in the museums.
  总结:
  教育类和个人成长类话题占比最大,2019年应该不会降低数量,同学们可以多准备此类话题比如团队合作,课堂笔记,要不要参考同学家长建议等等。此外,科技话题比如网络课程,电子设备。所以不光要了解手机网络跟电脑的信息,也要了解每个部分的优缺点在哪。所以日常积累话题和素材很重要。
  在今年这45场考试之中,独立题TASK 1-2的考题,完全一样的题目重复出现了4次。所以每一次的独立题的真题题目都很宝贵和具有参考价值。
  明年参加托福考试的同学们一定要把今年的这90多题独立题都练习一下,类似的话题或者说原题是绝对会重复出现的,全部练习一遍,底气一定会更足的!!!
  我把今年的90题独立题都按照顺序整理好了,大家可以参考最下面的附录。
  TASK 3
  今年和前几年相比,题型话题并没有产生太大的变化。改善设施,教育学习,校园活动,餐厅,寝室还是第三题经常考的话题。

  具体数据可参考下图:


  总结:
  校园类场景话题,需要考生进行有预测性的语料积累。
  题目多涉及设施的改善,场所的营业时间,寝室,咖啡厅修建等话题,学业相关的题目在分类上,着重考察学术氛围的营造和学习方法的探究,比如common room需不需要开放,学术论文的修改和计划等等。
  另外,第三题阅读分为Announcement(学校通知)和Proposal(学生提议)两种类型,特别需要注意,在口语答题时候的主语和人称不要混淆。
  TASK 4
  从今年的真题数据来看,生物仍然占了主导地位,和TPO以及前两年的真题保持一致。另外心理学和商务也是两大巨头。剩余的学科包括环境科学,文学,历史,艺术,地质,天文,农业,总的来说都占比不高,但是在平日练习过程中也需要涉猎一二,了解一些基础的背景知识。

  具体数据如下:


  总结:
  明年“生物,心理,商业”依然会是三大巨头。同学在练习过程中,应该以这些话题为重。但是其余的学科还是需要知识的储备。比如天文,地质和考古是学生普遍比较头疼的话题,但是如果事先掌握一些背景相关的知识比如风化weathering,天体名称,就会容易理解很多。BBC的各种纪录片话题涉猎广泛,若学有余力,可以就自己感兴趣或者想要进一步深入了解的学科进行查阅和学习。
  另外,第四题答题特别需要注意时态的使用,比如教授出现personal experience或者controlled experiment这些需要过去时答题,但是如果是动植物的universal rules则需要一般现在时答题。学生往往忽略这个问题,凭自己想象和喜好来答。
  TASK 5
  第五题和第三题都是属于校园场景类话题,同样考察目的都是看同学们是否可以适应国外的校园生活,如果遇到困难,如何进行解决。
  话题主要分为,时间冲突,校园活动,寝室安排问题,金钱问题和学习问题。

  具体数据如下图:


  总结:
  明年这些题型应该还是大头,特别是时间冲突类题型。通常需要在自身利益和人际关系、课程之间进行选择。比如男生答应替女生晚上去dining hall cover the shift,但是忘记自己晚上同时还要参加band rehearsal。或者女生去给奶奶接机和生物复习课冲突等等。
  需要注意的是,第五题在选择自己更偏好的选项之后,需要进行有如辩论一般的解答,最好各方面都滴水不漏。既要“攻击对方的缺点”也需要可以“弥补自身的缺点,并说出自身的优点”。这不是一题两题就马上整理清楚思路的,需要多练习多思考多解决。
  TASK 6
  和第四题比较类似的是,今年的生物又毫无疑问占了最大的比重,超过一半的题目都是生物类话题。剩余学科包括商务,社会学,环境科学,艺术,文学,天文,地质等等。

  具体数据如下图:


  总结:
  生物普遍占主导优势。生物分为动物学zoology和植物学botany两种。常考动植物如何觅食prey,如何防御天敌predators,如何适应环境adapt to the environment,因需求而发展出各种各样的special body features或者adaptation。
  在此类话题中,经常涉及比较专业的动植物名字,比如豪猪porcupine,管鼻藿fulmar,车矢菊star thistle,臭鼬skunk,螨mite,蚜虫aphid等等。同学们遇到此类词汇,也完全不需要惊慌失措,因为老外他们自己也不知道这个是什么,就比如中文中“管鼻藿”我们也完全不知道是什么东西。所以在听力的过程中,按照发音简单记录下这个词,只要大致知道的分类是鸟,鱼,花,草即可。此时同学们再加深发音就好。
  当然了, 学有余力的同学可以多接触BBC纪录片,欧美的各种脱口秀节目,听原版小说的有声读物,做配音练习和模仿都是可以提高口语语感,语音语调和分数的不错的方法哦。
附录
  以下为今年的90题独立题真题题目。
  20180106上午场
  TASK 1
  What do you think of homeschooling? Use details and examples to explain you opinion.
  TASK 2
  Why do you think the biggest challenge that people are not able to save money? How to solve the challenge?
  20180106下午场
  TASK 1
  Which of the following methods do you think is the best to motivate the employees?
  A. Extra money as a reward
  B. Organize a kind of contest to select who is the best one.
  C. To praise staff on the website
  Please use details and examples to explain why.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree that it is important to learn about the history of the city you stay in? Please give specific details to support your opinion.
  20180113
  TASK 1
  Teachers prefer to give students group assignments instead of individual assignments. Give at least one advantage and one disadvantage about the statement.
  TASK 2
  When you have confronts with your family or your friends, do you wish to convince them or hold different opinions?
  20180127
  TASK 1
  What do you think can improve your local community and make it a better place to live?
  TASK 2
  Some people like to make decision based on their own experience while other people prefer to ask others for help such as family and friends. Which do you prefer and why?
  20180128
  TASK 1
  Describe something that you thought was negative the first time you went to school, but turned out to be positive. Please use details and examples in your response.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is okay for professors to forbid students to record lectures.
  20180204
  TASK 1
  Which one of the following group has the most influence on your opinion?
  A. Teachers
  B. Friends
  C. Family members
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Students should be engaged in activities that they are interested in or they are talented in.
  20180303
  TASK 1
  Your university is going to add a new section in the campus newspaper. Which of the following three do you think is the best choice?
  A. Film recommendation
  B. Tips about travelling for students
  C. Local restaurants review
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The university should educate students about moral values such as honesty. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180310
  TASK 1
  One of your friends is going to visit your country. What kind of transportation do you recommend him or her to use? Explain with details and examples.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s reasonable to build a factory that provides many job opportunities but pollutes the environment. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180311
  TASK 1
  Which function of the cellphones do you think is the most useful to students?
  A. Taking photos
  B. Listening to music
  C. Recording videos
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Some people prevent their kids from making mistakes, while others allow them to do so. Which type of parents do you think is better?
  20180324
  TASK 1
  Things always change in an unexpected way. Please describe a thing you have recently done but ten years ago, you never imagined you would do.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should listen to or watch news at a very young age. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180331
  TASK 1
  Talk about the advantage and disadvantage of universities located in small town or rural areas? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should have access to computer and other electronic devices as early as possible. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180415
  TASK 1
  Many professors ask their students to take exams during the classes, but some professors allow students to take exam papers home and hand in the next day. What are the advantages or disadvantages of asking students to do a home-take exam? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  In a group discussion, some students prefer to speak out their minds immediately, while the others prefer to speak out their opinions after listening to others' opinions. Which way do you prefer and why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180421
  TASK 1
  One of your friends went straight to work after high school and skipped university. Now he decides to go to university after 10 years. Please talk about at least one challenge he will face when he goes to university at an elder age.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It's never acceptable to interrupt other people when they are taking. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180506
  TASK 1
  Which of the following three after-school activities you are most interested in?
  A. Planting flowers
  B. Picking garbage and plastic in the campus
  C. Painting
  Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  TASK 2
  Some people believe that business meetings should be only conducted face-to-face in person, while others think it’s okay to have business meetings online with the help of technology? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180512
  TASK 1
  Which of the following characteristics do you think would be the most important for a person who is going to start a small business?
  A. Being outgoing and friendly
  B. Being creative and imaginative
  C. Being well-organized
  Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parent should help kids to prevent from difficulties in their life so kids will not experience difficulties in their early ages. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180519
  TASK 1
  Some people choose not to use social media websites or apps. Talk about one advantage and one disadvantage of not using social media. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is acceptable to take advantage of those who have more influence to get a new job. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180526
  TASK 1
  One of your friends needs to take courses during the summer vacation in order to graduate one year earlier from the university. Talk about one advantage and one disadvantage of doing that. Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  TASK 2
  Some universities allow people from the local community to audit classes for free, but they will not receive feedbacks or grades on their papers. Do you think it’s a good program and explain why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180602
  TASK 1
  Instead of printing books in paper version the university decides to release only online version of textbooks. Talk about at least one advantage and one disadvantage of this change.
  TASK 2
  Some professors prefer to answer students' questions at the end of the class, while others stop at different points to answer students’ questions. Which why do you think is better and why.
  20180610
  TASK 1
  One of your friends is going to have a pet. What suggestions would you like to give him or her? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  TASK 2
  Your university is going to lower the budget for some in-campus clubs. Which of the following three clubs’ budget do you think should be cut down?
  A. Sports club
  B. Academic club
  C. Skiing club
  Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
  20180623
  TASK 1
  A friend of yours is planning to sign up for an exchange program to study abroad, however, he will graduate a year later from the university. What suggestions do you have for him and why?
  TASK 2
  Some people think, with the development of technology and Internet, libraries will disappear, while others think libraries are always necessary. Which opinion do you support? Please give specific details to support your opinion.
  20180630
  TASK 1
  Your university plans to cancel long vacations and have several short breaks in one year instead. Do you think it’s a good idea and why. Please give specific details to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The best decisions are made by groups rather than made by individuals. Please give specific details to support your opinion.
  20180701
  TASK 1
  A museum is going to add a new area for kids. Which of the following theme will be the most attractive to kids?
  A. Robot technology
  B. Deep sea animals
  C. Solar system
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? We should be completely honest and open to friends. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180707
  TASK 1
  Which of the following should the government fund?
  A. Health care
  B. Education system
  C. Space problem
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should discourage their kids to choose the majors that might be very competitive to find jobs in the future, like artists and singers. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180708
  TASK 1
  What do you think is the most common mistakes that parents make in the process of raising their kids?
  TASK 2
  When giving feedbacks to students, some professors would like to talk to their students in person, while others would give written comments to students. Which do you prefer and why?
  20180714
  TASK 1
  Talk about the advantage and disadvantage of giving children financial reward when they do well in school.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It’s never too late to get a degree in university.
  20180825
  TASK 1
  Describe something that once you are scared of but you overcame it in the end, and explain how you overcome it.
  TASK 2
  Is library a place for quiet reading or for face-to-face discussion?
  20180826
  TASK 1
  Talk about the advantage and disadvantage of having pre-courses before starting university.
  TASK 2
  Some people prefer to work regularly, while others prefer to work as a freelancer. Which one do you prefer and why.
  20180902
  TASK 1
  If universities are given financial support to develop researches, which one do you think would receive more benefits?
  A. To predict weather more accurately
  B. To clean rivers and ocean
  C. To deal with out space.
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you prefer to make friends with those who of your own age or those who are in different age group with you?
  20180908
  TASK 1
  One of your friends plans to learn cooking. What suggestion would you give to your friend?
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People should always keep in touch with their friends and family and inform them of their whereabouts during a trip.
  20180909
  TASK 1
  Which of the following is most important for recruitment of new employees?
  A. Academic background
  B. Work experience
  C. Interview performance
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you like to decorate your room with objects like paintings and pictures or leave the wall blank and simple?
  20180915
  TASK 1
  What are you supposed to do when one classmate of yours want you to help him or her review but at the same time you also have loads to prepare for the exam?
  TASK 2
  Which do you prefer? Hiking club or debate club. Use specific details and examples to support your opinion.
  20180916
  TASK 1
  If your professor cancels the night class, but there is an upcoming test tomorrow. What would you do tonight, go hang out with your friends or prepare for the test?
  TASK 2
  Which one do you prefer, homeschooling or sending kids to the public school? Use specific details and examples to support your opinion.
  20181013
  TASK 1同20180303
  Which of the following do you think is the most useful when the campus newspaper wants to offer information for their students? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  A. Film recommendation
  B. Local Restaurants recommendation
  C. Tips for travelling
  Use specific details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Which do you think is more important when facing difficulties, humor or a serious attitude? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20181014
  TASK 1
  Talk about the advantage and the disadvantage of starting business within the same family. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should take part in sports team to be more socially developed. Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  20181020
  TASK 1
  What would you do to celebrate your friend’s achievement? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Your university is going to shut down the computer room since many students have laptops. What do you think of this idea?
  20181027
  TASK 1
  Which of the following three courses do you think can help students the best?
  A. Public speaking class
  B. Photography class
  C. Business class
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Parents should help their kids to solve the problems.
  20181028
  TASK 1同20181020
  What would you do to celebrate your friend’s achievement? Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Calculators can be allowed during the math classes or tests.
  20181104
  TASK 1
  Your university receives an amount of funds from the graduates. Which of the following infrastructure should the university put money on?
  A. Stadium
  B. Theater
  C. Game center
  Use specific examples and details to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is better to be an adult than to be a kid?
  20181110
  TASK 1
  If one of your friends complains that he couldn’t fall asleep before an important event, what advice would you like to offer to help him relax and go to sleep?
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Employees shouldn’t send personal text or emails during working hours. Explain why.
  20181111
  TASK 1
  Talk about the disadvantages of moving to a new place to live.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Children should listen to or read news at an early age.
  20181117
  TASK 1
  One of your friends used to ride bicycles to school, but now he wants to earn money from part-time job and buy a new car. What would you suggest your friend to do?
  TASK 2同之前一题
  Your university plans to allow people from the community to audit classes for free without grading their papers and assignment. Do you think it’s a good idea?
  20181124
  TASK 1
  What do you think is better way for a freshman to get familiar with the campus? Guide them around the campus or set up a Q & A center for them?
  TASK 2
  The company you want to interview is located in a distant place. Would you do the phone interview or do the in-person interview?
  20181125
  TASK 1
  Which of the following factors do you think is the most important when you rent an apartment?
  A. Friendly roommates
  B. Close to the stores and restaurants
  C. Close to the public transportation
  Use details and examples to support your opinion.
  TASK 2
  Which way do you think is more effective to teach the senior citizen from the community to use the computers? One-to-one class at each person’s home or teach them all together in an instruction center?
  20181201
  TASK 1
  What would you do to run a small business company with your friends?
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Teachers should encourage competition among students.
  20181208
  TASK 1
  Talk about at least one advantage and one disadvantage of charging people money for plastic bags.
  TASK 2
  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? People shouldn’t be allowed to take photos in the museums. Please use specific details and examples to support your opinion.
  写作部分
  2018年度共计47场考试,截至2018.12.08为至,共统计了45场考试。通过这45场考试的分析来回顾并总结2018年度托福写作的整个情况。
综合写作

  从话题范围来看,生物类别与历史类别在综合写作中依旧占据主导地位; 从阅读与听力的整体结构来看,与TPO中的综合写作的模式也是比较贴合的;从词汇方面来讲,需要多积累一些学科单词。如果在听力中出现专有名词,或出现停顿的情况,需要注意屏幕上是否出现相应单词,不要出现遗漏。


独立写作
  一、 话题统计
  从话题类别上看,独立写作的题目还是与日常生活十分相关的,其中又以生活类别话题数目最多(占14题),涉及到生活方式与处事方式为主。此类题目主要讨论人际关系问题较多,并且多以事实现象类别题目为主,例如:
  2018/10/20 Do you think people in the past are more friendly than they are today?

  2018/11/10 Competition with friends may have negative effect on friendship.


  另外,教育类话题依旧是独立写作中的砥柱中流,出题的频率达到了11次,其中主要涉及讨论的内容主要是围绕着大学教育与大学生活为主,如何适应大学生活,选择什么样课程与教授,例:
  2018/1/27 Which one do you think is the most important factor for a student to success at college or university? 1. Tutors in university 2. The encouragement from family and friends  3. High-quality education from high school.
  l2018/3/3 If you are going to graduate from the university and have to choose the final course, which professor will you choose? 1. The one you used to sign up for courses 2. The one you have never learned from before?
  第三大类别为休闲娱乐方面,题目在本年度中题目中共占了7题,主要讨论的是人们的兴趣爱好,涉及的是休闲的方式与运动的作用等, 例如:
  2018/9/16  People nowadays are busier than ever in work and school. They want to spend  a small amount of time to learn new things. 1. Learn a sport that you never learn before 2. cook food 3.Making something by hand ( making clothing or jewelry )
  2018/6/23 Some people prefer to play team sports, while others prefer to play individual sports. Which one do you prefer and why?
  其它类别的话题数量相对要少一些,主要围绕着政府政策,工作方式,家庭关系及保护环境。
  二、 新旧题比例

  独立写作题目并不是一成不变或常遇常新,是存在题目的一定比例的重复的,那么积累写作题目是非常有利于写作部分的备考的。在已经收集到在45场里,旧题目所占的比例高达71%,共计32题,而新题则有13题,占了29%。 旧题目主要来源于14年到16年, 其中2016年的题目在的本年度重复率最高,共出现13次(这是以题目出现的最近的年份统计而来的)。同时也值得注意的是,17年出现的新题目也可能在之后的考试中会再次出现,今年中就有17年的两道新题出现。


  三、 题目特征
  较往年题目相比,今年题目表现出不少新的特征。
  1. 题目偏长,关键词多。
  以往的题目表述比较简洁,不论是单一观点的题目还是双观点的题目,通常题目表述多在1-2句话。而今年的题目在表述上则复杂不少,对于学生快速提取题目中的关键词以及在文章中准确回应关键词提出了更高的要求。
  比如在2016年5月7日的考试中出现的写作题目为Which do you prefer with the same rate of pay, an interesting and challenging job with less vacation or a job with more vacation time but less fun? 在今年的7月8日的考试中则表述成Which one do you prefer:1) a company offering you a job with challenging and interesting project but less vacation days or 2) another company offering you a job that is not so challenging and interesting but more vacation days.
  另外,题目在表述时,关键词的定语较长,从句较多,对于语法相对要弱的学生来说,分析出题目的关键信息要更难一些。例如2018年11月24日的题目Sometimes we are assigned to work in a group on a project. The group will be helped more by the person who will be willing to do what other group members want than by the person who often strongly insists that things should be done in a way that is different from what the group wants to do.
  第三,问题中的关键词也不能忽视。以往的题目在在问题的表述上一般都是which do you prefer? 而在今年的题目则出现了effective这样的问法,在一定程度上限制了题目的分析。如果忽略了问题中的关键词,在论证方面则会出现偏差。如,2018年11月4日的题目,One of the most challenging problems in modern society is to have the most up-to-date skills for workplace. For solving this, government decides to give all adults over the age of 25 a training course to learn new skills. Do you think it is an effective way to spends its money?
  2. 三选一题目增多。

  从2016年开始,三选一类别的题目的比例在慢慢地增多。因为三选一类题目相比于双观点与单一观点的题目相比,对于每一个选项的表述相对要更具体一些,加之选项间进行比较,所以对于学生来说,分析思路就会更难一些。2018年共出现8次三选一类的题,其中新题占6题。所以,可以利用好已经出现的题目为明年的考试做更充分的准备。


综合写作题目汇总


独立写作题目汇总


  祝2019的考生都踏实备考,考出好成绩!

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